Thursday, March 22, 2007
-Likutei PeshatimParashas PinchasInternet Edition Vol. 17 No. 41July 17, 2003
The Internet edition is sponsored by Rabbi and Mrs. Avraham Isenberg.Prepared by the faculty, Kollel, and student body of:Hebrew Theological College7135 N. Carpenter Road, Skokie, IL 60077Under the direction of Rabbi Ben-Zion Rand, Editor.
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"Therefore say: 'Behold! I give him My covenant of peace.' "BeMidbar 25:12The significance of the command to Moshe of "emor" - "go and inform Pinchasof receiving his covenant" - is that Moshe himself was instructed to tellPinchas of his reward. What do we learn from this?The father-in-law of the Netzi"v, Rabbi Itzele of Volozhin, provides aparable to illustrate. An officer of the king was appointed to his positiondirectly by the king. The king trusted him and consulted with him for everymilitary matter. Unfortunately, one day troubles arose, but the officer wasunable to extricate himself and his soldiers from danger. Suddenly, though,a brave warrior stepped out from among the ranks. He took matters into hisown hands and everyone was saved. The king wanted to recognize the heroicsof the soldier who saved everyone, but at the same time he was concernedthat the general be reprimanded for his inability to respond appropriatelyto the challenges of the moment. What did the king do? He arranged thatthe brave and wise soldier receive his reward from the king via the generalunder whose command he served. In this manner, the soldier was rewarded,and with just the proper amount of disciplinary response, the generalsuffered a bit of diminution of his honor.Similarly, Moshe was unable to respond to the crisis which arose when Zimrichallenged him and created a public desecration of the name of Hashem. Thiscaused a very dangerous condition which threatened the Jewish people, and,in fact, thousands of people died due to the plague which ensued. Pinchasrose to the occasion and guarded the honor of Heaven, and for that he wasespecially deserving of reward. Moshe was instructed to present Pinchaswith his honor personally, to recognize Pinchas's achievement as well as toserve as a sign of chagrin regarding Moshe's lack of action in thesecircumstances.
"And it shall be for him and for his offspring after him a covenant ofeternal priesthood, because he took vengeance for his G-d and he atonedfor Bnei Yisrael."BeMidbar 25:13A king was informed about a distant province in his empire which hadrebelled and appointed its own ruler, independent of the king. The kingimmediately called two of his trusted military experts to head a legion ofsoldiers to quell the uprising. The king also requested that the officersreport back to him and inform him as to what measures were taken to put downthe rebellion.The messengers of the king were in fact successful, and when they returnedthey came to tell the king about their mission. The king wisely asked eachof them to enter by himself and report to him, as the king wanted to comparetheir versions and detailed accounts in order to develop a balancedimpression of the events that transpired.The first general began his story. "Your majesty has no idea just howdifficult things were when we arrived. The city was in an uproar. Theroyal troops in the area were being overcome. The rebels were well armed,and the leaders had secured most of the strategic positions in the city. Iencouraged our troops not to go down in defeat, and we fought a toughbattle, until we were finally successful. We, of course, had no choiceother than to kill the leader of the rebels, but now the king can restassured that this city will remain under his complete control."The king waspleased, and he placed a silver medal upon the shoulders of his loyaladvisor. He then invited the second general to enter and provide hisaccount of all that had occured."The truth is," he began, "that the intelligence which the king originallyreceived was apparently a bit overstated. When we arrived at the city whichwas reportedly rebelling, we found things totally tranquil and peaceful.The residents were living in harmony, and with admiration for the king, withthe exception of one wild fellow who tried to conspire against the king. Hewas immediately arrested, and when we arrived, things were totally undercontrol. We did not even have to draw our swords out of the sheathes!"The king understood the report he had now heard, and he rose up to kiss thegeneral on the head and presented him with a gold medal filled with preciousjewels. The king realized that, in fact, the first report was moreaccurate. However, the second general was protecting the subjects of thatprovince so that the king would not have to punish them. Even at theexpense of his own honor, this man had diminished his own role in order toprotect the king and his subjects from further turmoil. The kingappreciated this, and he rewarded the man for his concern.When Pinchas acted with zealous spontaneity, he nevertheless displayed animpressive degree of restraint. The attitude of one who acts with religiouszeal is that he often seeks to have those whom he opposes be punishedseverely. Although Pinchas stopped the sinners in their tracks, heimmediately prayed for mercy and atonement for the others. His true naturewas similar to that of his grandfather, Aharon HaKohen, who pursued peace,and his decisive actions against those who sinned was a momentary exceptionneeded to protect the honor of Heaven. However, because his true motiveswere for peace and harmony, his zeal did not lead to any further violence.The verse therefore attests to the genuine objectives of Pinchas, as itdeclares that although "he zealously took up Hashem's cause", nevertheless,"he made atonement for the Israelites". Therefore, his reward wasappropriately "a covenant of eternal priesthood", a position of peace andharmony between Hashem and His cherished people.Pekudas Elazar
"And Moshe brought their cause before G-d."BeMidbar 27:5The law was concealed from him. Here he was punished for having taken acrown (for assuming authority), when he said (Devarim 1:17): "And the matterthat is too difficult for you, you should bring to me." -- Rashi, fromSanhedrin 8aWhat is the connection between Moshe's once having spoken in a manner thatwas deemed to be too presumptuous and his having this law elude him? Oneissue relates to character, while the other is a matter of knowledge. Evenif he was faulted for having spoken with a degree of contempt, which wasunacceptable for a person of his stature, this does not seem to relate tohis inability to know the ruling in the case of the inheritance of thedaughters of Tzlafchad.The study of Torah is fundamentally different from the pursuit of any otherarea of knowledge. In general, once someone studies and masters a subject,he knows the information. However, the study of Torah differs in that everytime a person sits down to learn, he needs special assistance from theHeavens that he should not forget that which he learns. As the Gemarareports (Megilla 6b): "To retain one's learning, one is dependent uponassistance from the Heavens." Consequently, when a person's personality isflawed, and specifically in the area of haughtiness, he loses his merits andheavenly support and is subject to forgetting his learning.This lesson applies even in the case of someone as great as Moshe Rabbeinu.As a consequence of his having spoken in an inappropriate manner, thehalacha eluded him. His proficiency in Torah was affected by this minuteelement of haughtiness which crept into his speech.
"And G-d said to Moshe: 'Take for yourself Yehoshua the son of Nun, a man inwhom there is spirit, and lay your hand upon him.' "BeMidbar 27:18Yehoshua served you much and showed you great honor. It was he who roseearly in the morning and remained late at night at your House of Assembly.He used to arrange the benches and spread the mats. Since he has served youwith all his might, he is worthy to serve Israel, for he shall not lose hisreward. -- BeMidbar Rabba (21:15)What is the significance of Yehoshua being chosen due to the fact that hearranged the benches in the Beis Midrash of Moshe?There is a fundamental difference between the outlook of a commoner as hesees the world, and the wide-ranging and deep perspective which a leader ofmen has upon events. A simple person only sees major "newsworthy" events ashaving significance and impact. Consequently, he trivializes those thingswhich he considers to be routine, and attaches little meaning to them.Great men realize that it is specifically those actions which a person doesunknowingly that reveal the inner nature of one's personality. It is thisappreciation of the purpose of all things and of each event which helps aleader develop a profound respect for all people, and the patience andtolerance to deal with "small" matters as if they are indeed crucial.Everything in the world serves a purpose, and a person who understands thiscan see in every action the role it plays.When Hashem chose the people who were to lead His nation, He looked to theshepherds to see how they treated the small and gentle creatures which weregiven over to their care. When they proved themselves to be people whodealt with detail and viewed simple things as being significant, they earnedthe role to be a leader of men.We see that most people consider some things to be great and other things tobe plain. Great people see everything as being substantial and momentous.The Midrash associates the following verse in Mishlei with Yehoshua: "Theone who guards the fig, he will eat from it." The secret of the success ofYehoshua was in that he understood that great things develop from small,sometimes unnoticed origins. A small seed grows into a tree, and a tinyblossoming flower into a fruit. Yehoshua, who cleaned and arranged thefurniture in the study hall showed that he had this appreciation forthemeager beginnings which develop into the grand scheme.
Rabbi Eliyahu Meir Bloch
"And one male of the goats for a sin-offering to Hashem. In addition to thecontinual olah-offering shall it be made, and its libation."BeMidbar 28:15Resh Lakish said: "Why is the male goat of Rosh Chodesh different fromother Mussaf male goats in that regarding it the phrase 'to Hashem' is used?By this expression, Hashem said: 'This male goat shall be an atonement forMy diminishing the size of the moon.' ". -- Gemara Sh'vuos 9aConcerning the Mussaf male goat of Rosh Chodesh, the word " wvHashem) seems superfluous, as all sacrifices commanded by the Torah areoffered to Hashem, yet this expression is not found regarding any otherMussaf male goat.An Aggada in Chulin (60b) relates that the sun and the moon were createdequal in size (see Bereshis 1:16), but G-d caused the moon to become smallerbecause it argued that it was impossible for it and the sun to reign asco-equals. The moon argued then that it was unjust that it should suffer,because it had raised a valid point. G-d sought to placate the moon invarious ways, but it was not appeased. Finally, G-d said: "Bring anatonement for Me, for I diminished the moon." This puzzling statement isaddressed by many commentators. What can "bringing an atonement for G-d"possibly mean?Tosafos HaRosh explains that G-d speaks in these terms [though objectivelyinappropriate in regards to Him] in order to teach us that a master forcedto discipline his servant for misbehavior should nonetheless seek to mollifythe servant afterwards.Ri"f explains the statement altogether differently.He says that to mollify the moon Hashem granted it the honor of its renewalbeing the occasion on which the Jewish people would bring a male goat toatone for their sins. By bringing the male goat on Rosh Chodesh, the Jewishpeople bestow on behalf of G-d the honor He promised to the moon. Thus, themeaning of G-d's statement is: Bring your atonement for Me [i.e. tocompensate the moon on My behalf] for My having diminished it.Ri"f
Halachic Corner Pirkei Avos - Chapter 6Zmanim for Parashas Pinchas, 5763Krias Shma - Sat. Tefila - Sat.According to the Gaon of Vilna9:14 10:28According to the Magen Avraham8:38 10:04Sunset Sunrise SunsetFriday Sat. Sat.8:22 5:32 8:21Brachos are very important because when one recites a bracha he shows thathe believes that there is a G-d in the world and that everything belongs toHim. When we say a bracha before eating, we acknowledge that one must askpermission from G-d to eat any food. Chazal tell us that a person whoderives pleasure from anything without a bracha is similar to a person whosteals from G-d. The table where we eat is also holy, as Chazal tell usthat as long as the Beis HaMikdash existed the Altar atoned for KlalYisrael. Now that we no longer have the Beis HaMikdash, one's table atonesfor him. Therefore, a person should say a little Torah or mizmorim aboutfood while at the table in order to bring a holiness into the eating. Inthe Torah (Devarim 8:10), G-d gave a mitzvah to bless Him with BirkasHaMazon after we eat - "V'achalta v'savata u'veirachta" - "And you shall eatand you shall be satisfied and you shall bless." In this pasuk we have thekey to understanding the foundation of blessings. This is one of the onlyplaces in the Torah where G-d commanded us to bless His name. Therefore,one should recite the Birkas HaMazon with concentration. By reciting abracha over a food one also shows that when one eats he is not onlysatisfying his desires but is also eating in order to be strong in servingG-d.In the time of the Gemara, one person said the entire bentching and everyoneelse listened. In our times we do not have the concentration to listen tothe entire bentching. Therefore, each person says the Birkas HaMazon forhimself. If possible, one should finish the bracha in time to answer "Amen"to the bracha that is said by the leader. At least the first bracha shouldbe said aloud by the leader. Everyone else should say it quietly and answer"Amen". The same should be done with the other blessings. (M.B. 183:28)Questions for Thought and Study1. Why do we need to know the lineage of Zimri?See Rashi 25:142. What was the real family name of h°b±z¨t? Why is an alternate nameused? See Rashi and Chasam Sofer 26:163. What trait did the daughters of Tzelafchad share with their ancestorYosef? See Rashi 27:14. What was the difference between the way Moshe's face glowed and the wayYehoshua's face glowed? Why was there a difference?See Sifsei Chachamim 27:205. How did the bulls that were offered on Sukkos represent the whole world?See Rashi 29:18This Week Likutei Peshatim is SponsoredBy Hebrew Theological College wishing mazal tov to Blitstein Instituteinstructors: Gladys Azulay and her husband Yehuda on the birth of agranddaughter; and Lynn Shapiro and her husband Irv, and Susan Feuer, on thebirth of a granddaughter, born to Michael & Tova Perl.Cong. KINS, in conjunction with Blitstein Institute, will hold its weeklyShabbos Shiur on Shabbos Parashas Pinchas, July 19, at 5:00 PM, at Cong.KINS, 2800 North Shore. Speaker: Rabbi Shmuel Schuman.The Yeshiva Alumni Association Annual Family Picnic will take place onSunday, August 10, at Proesel Park in Lincolnwood, 11:00-3:00. Hot dogs andhamburgers, cotton candy, popcorn, snowcones, Moonwalk, Menchy the Clown,Dino Slide, arts & crafts with Sarelle, authentic fire truck, and much, muchmore. Call 847-982-2500 to volunteer for the day's event or for moreinformation.Yetta & Ted Saltzberg ask that you reserve Sunday, August 10, for the comingCentennial Banquet (100 years) of Congregation Anshe Motele, at theDoubleTree Hotel. We look forward to your joining us at this memorableevent. Special highlight: Cantor "Pavarati" Mizrachi will perform followingdinner. To place an ad or for reservations, please call 773-508-0631 or theshul office at 773-743-2420.Women's Div. of Chicago Center for Torah & Chesed's very popular Pirkei AvosShiurim: Lincolnwood hostess, Mrs. S. Kahn, 6456 Central Park, 5:30, speakerMrs. C. Chase; West Rogers Park hostess, Mrs. T. Friedman, 6707 Richmond,4:45, speaker Mrs. T. Friedman; North West Rogers Park hostess, Mrs. C.Brand, 3052 Birchwood, 5:30, speaker Mrs. M. Jaffe; Peterson Park hostess,Mrs. L. Suissa, 3535 Glenlake, 5:30, speaker Mrs. S. Wasser.Cong. Tiferes Yisroel, 6336 N. Lincoln Avenue, is pleased to announce thatour new simcha hall is now available for all of your simcha needs. Fullkitchen and seating for up to 250 people, tastefully furnished for bris, l'chaim, bar mitzvah, kiddush etc., at very reasonable rates. For moreinformation contact Tybi Ray at 773-588-8108."I'm bored!" Is this a familiar statement in your home? Some ideas to keepyour children productively occupied outside include: badminton, kickball,Red Rover, volleyball, Simon Says, soccer, Frisbee, tag, Red Light/GreenLight, hopscotch, croquet, jumprope... Discuss with your children otheractivities to add to this list. - E.L.A.N. Educational Center, 773-973-2009.Like to fish? Like to learn? Men's and father/son (13 and older) kosherfishing/canoeing trip to the Boundary Waters Canoe Area on theMinnesota-Canadian border. August 24-28. The trip is joined by Rabbi ManisFriedman. Contact Michael Messing 773-262-1564 or Rabbi Moishe Kasowitz651-686-4455;
Inward Bound website: http://www.ib.org/; email: firstname.lastname@example.org.Allergies - More than something to sneeze at! People can be allergic toanything and not know it. Have failed attempts to get well left youfrustrated? There is hope. Join Dr. Madeline Permutt and learn how NAET - anon-invasive, pain free allergy elimination technique could change yourlife! At the home of Chana Fishman, 6221 Monticello, Tuesday, July 29, 2003,at 7:30 PM. For more information call 773-478-3198.A Jewish Women's Health Fair sponsored by the Sharlene Levinson Bikur Cholimand Daughters of Israel will take place this Sunday, July 20, at the ArieCrown Hebrew Day School, 12:30-4:30 PM. Booths and speakers all relate towomen's health issues. Keynote Speaker - Rebetzen Faige Twerski ofMilwaukee. For information or to volunteer, call Stacy at 773-465-1891 orFaigie at 773-478-8882.This Shabbos afternoon! Chicago Community Kollel's Shabbos Afternoon Shiurin Lincolnwood will be held Parashas Pinchas, July 19, at the home of Mr. &Mrs. Leo Feigenbaum, 6600 St. Louis, at 5:00 PM. Guest speaker: RabbiEphraim Friedman, who will be speaking on "The Halachos of the Three Weeks".By Lincolnwood Jewish Congregation inviting the community to a picnic atLorel Park, 8100 Lorel, Skokie, on Sunday, July 27, 11:30 AM - 4:00 PM.Delicious kosher food, games, and fun. A hot dog lunch is available12:00-2:00. Food tickets to be purchased by July 20 at the synagogue, 7117Crawford, Lincolnwood. For more information call the synagogue office at847-676-0491.Lincolnwood Jewish Congregation, The American Israel Public AffairsCommittee (AIPAC), and Israel Bonds, invite you to attend a briefing on "TheRoad Map to Peace: Questions and Considerations", featuring Louis ReneBeres, Professor of International Law at Purdue University. Monday, July 21,at 7:30 PM, at 7117 Crawford, Lincolnwood. No charge. For more information,call Judy Alexander at the synagogue office, 847-676-0491.By Davka Corporation, announcing its new Mincha minyan, Monday throughThursday, 1:30 PM, at 3601 Devon #110. For more information, please contactSelwyn at 773-583-2333.Aneinu Tehillim Organization and the Anne Blitstein Teachers Instituteinvite you to come join our exciting new series "The Hidden Treasures ofTehillim", taught by Dr. Esther Shkop. Our next class iy"H will beWednesday, July 30, at 8:00 PM sharp at T.I., 2600 Touhy. Tehillim will berecited in the beginning of that class as a zchus for the cholim of Chicagoand victims of terror in Israel. Questions - Call Margie Shabat at773-478-8325.Torah Radio Network invites you to listen this Mon., July 21, to "TheChavrusa" with Rabbi Avraham Kivelevitz & Rabbi Kalman Worch. This week'stopic: "Eretz Yisroel: Is it the Only Place to Go to Learn? Is it Safe toGo There?", 8:00-9:00 PM on AM 1080 WNWI or anywhere in the world athttp://www.torahradio.net/. Also, listen to Motzei Music this Motzei Shabbos, forthe best in a cappella Jewish music, 9:30-10:30, on AM 1240 WSBC.The Skokie Community Kollel would like to remind the community that it's nottoo early to sign up for this coming year's Tanach Mishnah Siyum. Let usjoin together to learn all of Tanach and Mishnayos as a zechus for ourbrethren in Eretz Yisroel. You can learn individually or with a chavrusa, orjoin a shiur. For more information call Rabbi Aaron Lauer at 847-674-7959.By Congregation Adas Yeshurun inviting the community back as Rabbi Cohen'sshiurim resume the regular schedule. Among our many shiurim are: Pirkei Avosevery Shabbos at 6:30 PM, the Zichron Shraga Feivel Yeshiva Program onSundays at 9:00 AM, and the Thursday night Halacha Shiur which meets8:30-9:30. Join us for any of our shiurim or call for details, 773-465-2288.By Congregation Adas Yeshurun inviting women to our Annual Shiur for Women,on Hilchos Shabbos on Tuesday, July 22, Wednesday, July 30, and Tuesday,August 5, at 1:50-3:00 PM.Kollel Torah MiTzion is pleased to invite you to two shiurim in CongregationOr Torah this Shabbat, Parashat Pinchas, at 6:45 PM: "Did the Sanctity ofthe Land of Israel End With the Destruction of the Beit HaMikdash?" by HaRavIsrael Shachor, Rosh Kollel, and "Women's Wisdom Built Their Homes", by YaelShachor.The Sharlene Levinson Bikur Cholim of Chicago invites the women of thecommunity to a Tehillim session in commemoration of the 17th yahrzeit ofSharlene Levinson, a"h, on Sunday evening, July 20, at 8:00 PM, at ThePirchei Center, 3530 Peterson Avenue (across from the Agudah Center). Guestspeaker: Mrs. Elise Ginsparg.Join tens of thousands worldwide this Sunday, July 20, protesting theRoadmap. Chicago's demonstration will take place from Noon to 1:00 PMdowntown at the northwest corner of Pearson and Michigan (across the streetfrom Water Tower Place). Bring your friends and flags. For more informationcall Arnold at 773-973-4335.Yeshiva Shearis Yisroel - the Veitzener Cheder congratulates Mr. & Mrs.Mikel of Lakewood, NJ, winners of our Early Bird Raffle. The Mikels now have5 additional chances to win the Grand Prize of an SUV, a workout room, or$20,000 cash, or one of the other fabulous prizes in the drawing to bebroadcast on TRN on August 27, 2003. You can be a winner too. Call773-262-0885 for information and/or tickets.Be part of the International Aneinu Tehillim Rally. Women and girlsworldwide will unite to say Tehillim to beseech mercy for Klal Yisroel.Chicago location: Congregation KINS, on Sunday, August 3, at 10:30 AM sharp,Tehillim followed by guest speaker - Rabbi Daniel Raccah. Doors open 10:00AM. For more information, call Mrs. Wolper at 773-262-0603.Cong. Shaarei Tzedek invites the community to "Drop Off" its unwantedhousehold items, such as furniture, electronics, clothing, toys kitchenware,and other saleable merchandise, for our upcoming Rummage Sale. The "DropOff" will take place at the Shul, 2832 Touhy, on July 27th, from 8:30-10:30AM and from 5:30-7:30 PM. Tax letters will be given.
For pickup of largeitems, call 773-973-2678 or email email@example.com.Bernard Horwich JCC has scheduled a renovation of its swimming pool fromAugust 9 to October 20. During this 10-week period the pool will be closed.However, members will have complimentary access to the pools at the MayerKaplan JCC (5050 Church Street, Skokie) and the High Ridge YMCA (2424 Touhy,Chicago).Women Only Swim - Skokie Water Playground, 4701 Oakton Street (Oakton &Skokie Blvd.), Monday, July 21, 8:15-10:15 PM. Sponsored by Project Extreme.(Upcoming dates: August 11, August 17) For more information, call Shayna773-743-2211 or Tami 773-465-1081.The Jewish Education Leadership Institute (JELI) is proud to announce theopening of its Center for Excellence in Teaching (CET). Both novice andexperienced teachers will greatly benefit from this teacher enrichmentprogram which will provide learning opportunities that will positivelyimpact the teacher's ability in the classroom.This extraordinary program - CET - will establish a professional atmospherefor the training of Jewish day school/yeshiva teachers, offering practical &solid educational theory & its implementation. The instructors come to CETfrom some of the nation's top graduate institutions such as the Universityof Chicago, Loyola & Teacher's College at Columbia University in NY. Classesbegin in fall, 2003. For more info, Lori Gerson - 312-332-4172.Bais Yaakov High School of Chicago seeks experienced and qualified Englishand history teacher. Please fax resume to 773-267-4798.By Joel Harris wishing mazal tov to Judy Harris and Ellen Royce upon movingtheir artsy gift shop (A Unique Presence) from Old Orchard to Old Town. You'll love the boutiques and galleries.We are extremely proud of the job our daughter is doing as Rosh Moshava atCamp Moshava. - Vivian and Harvey Well.Mazal tov to Ben Tzion Zuckerman on his engagement to Sarah Sheindel Malinof Baltimore, MD. May they build a bayit ne'eman b'Yisrael. From yourparents, Rabbi Tzvi Yaakov & Aviva Zuckerman, your brothers and sister,Iochanan Moran, and all your friends in Chicago & New York.Mazal tov to our grandchildren, Tova & Michael Perl, on the birth of a newdaughter, Ariella Chana. May she be a source of nachas and pride to hersister Julie and to her whole family. Mazal tov to grandparents, Susan Feuerand Lynn & Irv Shapiro, and all the great-grandparents. - Betty & ErnieGoldstein.By the Shanes/Poupko family wishing mazal and bracha to Elisheva & KevinSchreiber on the birth of their son, Amitai Yitzchak. A special mazal tov tothe great-grandmother, Mrs. Helen Davis, and to the paternal grandparents,Renee & Avi Schreiber.A Public Community Memorial for Rabbi Dr. Shlomo Rapoport, z"l, beloved byhis colleagues, friends and students, will take place at 10:00 AM, Sunday,July 20, 2003, at Congregation K.I.N.S., 2800 W. North Shore. Tributes willbe given by community leaders and a Siyum will be held. This event will beco-sponsored by: ICJA, CRC, HTC, ATT, RZC, and Bnei Ruven.By Dr. & Mrs. Gilbert Lanoff in memory of his mother, Mary Lanoff, a"h, onthe occasion of her yahrzeit on 21 Tammuz. (Yehuda Moshe)By Pearl & Kenneth Young in loving memory of her beloved mother, Jean M.Werner, Tzeseh bas Mottel, a"h, on the occasion of her yahrzeit on 23Tamuz - July 23. Circumstances don't make a person, they reveal her.By the Levinson, Barrish, Plass and Sitnick families in commemoration of theseventeenth yahrzeit of Sharlene Levinson, Chaya bas Tuvia Leib, a"h.By Mr. & Mrs. Stuart Perlman and family, Mr. & Mrs. Joel Rubin and family,and Mr. & Michael Roth family, in memory of Mr. William Henning Rubin, z"l,on the occasion of his sixteenth yahrzeit on 24 Tammuz.By Burt & Ita Kaufman; David Kaufman; Avi & Oreet Kaufman; Moshe & HindaGoldfinger, Naftali, Aliza, Yonatan, and Bentzi; Chaim & Zahava Suss, Kayla,Ezra, Tzippy, and Shimon; Ira & Caryn Kaufman, Michael and Benjamin, inhonor of their grandmother, great-grandmother, and great-great-grandmother,Bella Katofsky, Bayla Sarah bas Shevya, a"h, on the occasion of her yahrzeiton 22 Tamuz, July 22nd, 2003.By the Daniels family in memory of our dear father and grandfather, SolDaniels, z"l, on the occasion of his yahrzeit on 24 Tamuz. (Kehilath Jacob)
Likutei Peshatim is endowed by Les & Ethel Sutker in loving memory of Maxand Mary Sutker and Louis and Lillian Klein, z"l. May their memory be ablessing.
Answers:1. This shows the merit of Pinchas - that even though Zimri had adistinguished lineage, Pinchas did not refrain from killing him.2. The real family name was Etzbon. The reason that the alternative namewas used was because the fingers (etzba'os) were created only to cover theears (ozen) from hearing prohibited things. Since the "ozen" is the purposefor the fingers, it is listed primarily.3. They all loved Eretz Yisrael.4. Moshe's face glowed like the sun, while Yehoshua's face shone like themoon. This was because Moshe's glow was directly from Hashem, like the sun.Yehoshua's glow was a reflection of Moshe's glow, just as the moon's glow isa reflection of sunlight.5. The seventy bulls represent the seventy nations of the world.